There are many opinions from America are saying that Canadian have so much of biodiversity and natural resources with little amount of dedication research towards history or heritage, because much of Canadian history was well virtually ignored internationally for years of disappearance. The first European colonialism who explored Canada was early civilization of Scandinavian Viking cultures called Vinland in North America. More recently a Canadian archaeologist turned up traces of Viking traders in the Canadian Arctic. The most intriguing find was a small stone vessel that looked like a crucible for melting metal. Sutherland and small team recently took a closer look using a scanning electron microscope. Along the inner surface they detected traces of bronze, as well as tiny glass spheres that form when minerals are melted at high temperatures — tantalizing evidence of Viking-style metalworking. Sutherland thinks that Viking seafarers from Greenland voyaged to the Canadian Arctic to trade with indigenous hunters during the medieval ages, exchanging metal knives and horns for thick arctic-fox furs and walrus ivory that are used to be luxury goods from European markets in early age of civilization.
The sources are obvious and are massive in scale: the rise of industrial farming and livestock production, a hydroelectric dam network on northern Manitoba’s Nelson River that has limited natural nutrient outflow since the mid-1970s, widespread depletion of the watershed’s marshlands, plus a deluge of sewage, fertilizers and detergents from growing towns and cities. The underlying problem, however, is that fewer than 30,000 people actually have to live with the noxious beards of green scum that sporadically wash ashore as a result of the lake’s eutrophication. The Lake Winnipeg’s Grand Beach is surprisingly a not-so-Great Lake to be considered as part of Canada’s Great Lakes in Ontario.
Monique Dube wants to get out of the lab and help Canadians see big-picture changes to their watersheds. Her unorthodox and outspoken approach to research make waves — and has earned her Canadian Geographic’s Environmental Scientist of the Year Award in 2011. Women scientists make do with less laboratory space and fewer scientific-support resources than do their male colleagues, realities Monique says she has personally faced at the University of Saskatchewan and would likely face at any university. Women’s brain work differently than men’s, she argues. Women are naturally integrative thinkers and natural environmental protectors of Earth with better reputation. A system that discriminates against them is a great loss for stewardship. Despite having had her Canada Research Chair renewed in late 2010, Monique finds that her conflicts with colleagues continued and she worries that she may have to change jobs again or even fired for good, which would automatically nullify her research chair. “I will achieve only 60% to 70% of my potential,’ she says. “No matter how good I am and how hard I try, I won’t be able to overcome that.” In the year 2011, she plans to return to the river itself, using a motorboat and partnering with team members from the Yukon River Inter-Tribal Watershed Council, stopping along the way to meet people and trying to mesh local knowledge with science. She probably should have done it this way the first time around. Quotes from Monique Dube, “We don’t need any more science gathering dust on shelves. I want to do science on water that benefits as many people as possible.”
The Source of Life
Think Canada and you think water. More than two million lakes and one-fifth of the world’s fresh water lie within our borders — our pockmarked landscape was practically purpose built by retreating glaciers to pool water. Now forget all that. The number you need to remember is 6.5 percent. That’s the total of the world’s renewable fresh water we have at our disposal (not awful lot, considering our land mass). The supply is only 2.6 percent in southern Canada. Use more and we risk gnawing away at our water capital — draining our aquifers and lakes rather than living sustainably and using the water that precipitation replenishes each year. So Canada’s water wealth? A myth. That’s why it’s critical for us to safeguard our water-ways, to ensure they are managed well. In the face of climate change, a global water crisis, rising energy demanding resources and urbanization, our water resources don’t just become more valuable. They are desperately need our help to save the planet.
- Get your hands wet and dirty
- Hello class: I will be your Watershed this Term
- The Pen is just as mighty as the Paddle
- Water is our Culture
- Be a Good Water Resident
Action Guide on How to Save Your Watershed quotes to remembered and noticed: “Almost everything needs to be redesigned. You can make a change on a behavioural level and on a technological level as well.”
Geological Association of Canada members can also choose to join and participate in numerous Sections, representing geographic regions; and Divisions, representing specific branches of geoscience. The GAC’s Sections and Divisions publish books and newsletters, host meetings, talks and lectures along with promoting general geoscience relative to their areas or disciplines. The choice are not limited:
- AQUEST (Quebec)
- Cordilleran (Vancouver, British Columbia)
- Edmonton Geological Society (Alberta)
- Newfoundland and Labrador Section
- Pacific Section (Victoria, British Columbia)
- Winnipeg Geological Society (Winnipeg, Manitoba)
- Canadian Geomorphological Research Group
- Canadian Sedimentology Research Group
- Canadian Tectonics Group
- Environmental Earth Sciences Division
- Geomatics Division
- Geophysics Division
- Isotope Sciences Division
- Marine Geosciences Division
- Mineral Deposit Division
- Paleontology Division
- Planetary Sciences Division
- Precambrian Division
- Volcanology and Igneous Petrology Division
World Nuclear News – Canada’s Nuclear Waste Management Organization has completed drilling the first borehole near Ignace, Ontario to a depth of about 1 kilometer. It is one of five sites in Ontario to be investigated for the siting of a deep repository for the long term management of the countries used nuclear fuel. NWMO anticipates drilling three boreholes, one after the other. Eventually, more extensive borehole drilling may be undertaken. NWMO is searching for a suitable site for storing nuclear waste. The preferred site must have a suitable rock formation in an area with an informed and willing to host and the project will only move forward in partnership with First Nation and Metis people and surrounding communities with different racial identity. Twenty one communities all in Ontario or Saskatchewan, initially requested preliminary assessments. Of the 11 areas selected for phase 2 studies, five in Ontario now remain going beyond The Professional Edge of Engineers and Geoscientists.
While geological factors are too complex to make precise predictions a study led by Ryan Schultz who is a seismologist with the Alberta Energy Regulator and a geophysical research scientist at the University of Alberta shows that the underlying geology determines whether earthquakes can be induced at all by a particular well. Ryan Shultz and his collaborators managed to pinpoint some signs. One is the edge of a fossil coral reef below the well. The edge of modern coral reefs tend to form at faults, so ancient reefs likely did, too. When ancient reefs are buried and fossilized, they produce a distinctive type of rock called carbonated that geologists often detect and map, pointing to the location of faults, Ryan Schultz said.